new guinea population

The population of the districts and local-level governments (LLGs) of Papua New Guinea. In more recent millennia, another wave of people arrived on the shores of New Guinea. The first inhabitants, from whom the Papuan people are probably descended, adapted to the range of ecologies and, in time, developed one of the earliest known agricultures. The New Guinea Highlands - a chain of mountains and river valleys, runs the length of the New Guinea island. The other indigenous peoples are Austronesians, their ancestors having arrived in the region less than four thousand years ago. The Austronesian people had technology and skills extremely well adapted to ocean voyaging and Austronesian language speaking people are present along much of the coastal areas and islands of New Guinea. Anthropologically, New Guinea is considered part of Melanesia.[15]. [2] Its etymology is unclear;[2] one theory states that it derived from Tidore, the language used by the Sultanate of Tidore, which controlled parts of the island's coastal region. He commanded loyalty from both Moluccan and Papuan chiefs, especially those of Raja Ampat Islands. In absolute numbers a total of 2,084,538 persons were added to the population during the last 11 years. Approximately 216,000 Japanese, Australian and U.S. soldiers, sailors and airmen died during the New Guinea Campaign.[44]. https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/papua-new-guinea-population The first Dutch government posts were established in 1898 and in 1902: Manokwari on the north coast, Fak-Fak in the west and Merauke in the south at the border with British New Guinea. The bulk of New Guinea’s population are subsistence farmers. With some 786,000 km2 of tropical land—less than one-half of one percent (0.5%) of the Earth's surface—New Guinea has an immense biodiversity, containing between 5 and 10 percent of the total species on the planet. However, the Queensland government's superiors in the United Kingdom revoked the claim, and (formally) assumed direct responsibility in 1884, when Germany claimed north-eastern New Guinea as the protectorate of German New Guinea (also called Kaiser-Wilhelmsland). Chart and table of Papua New Guinea population from 1950 to 2021. According to the most recent census, the population of the city is just over 400,000 people. 2020. ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations Statistical Division. Highly divergent molecular variants of human T-lymphotropic virus type I from isolated populations in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, A Gessian, R Yanagihara, G Franchini, R M Garruto, C L Jenkins, A B Ajdukiewicz, R C Gallo, and D C Gajdusek, PNAS September 1, 1991 vol. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 200 people yearly. "The team also dated features consistent with the planting, digging, and tethering of plants and localized drainage systems to 10,000 years ago. When the Portuguese and Spanish explorers arrived in the island via the Spice Islands, they also referred to the island as Papua. New Guinea has 578 species of breeding birds, of which 324 species are endemic. [38] During Tidore's rule, the main exports of the island during this period were resins, spices, slaves and the highly priced feathers of the bird-of-paradise. A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. The current population of Papua New Guinea in 2021 is 9,119,010, a 1.92% increase from 2020.; The population of Papua New Guinea in 2020 was 8,947,024, a 1.95% increase from 2019.; The population of Papua New Guinea in 2019 was 8,776,109, a 1.97% increase … The Population of Papua New Guinea (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019. In 1950, Papua New Guinea population was 1674036 and this continuously increasing at growth rate of average 0.02%.Currently Papua New Guinea population is around 7108239 and by year 2030 its expected to be 10486891 .Papua New Guinea ranks 102nd when compared to other countries population. [6] The name Papua came to be associated with this area, and more especially with Halmahera, which was known to the Portuguese by this name during the era of their colonization in this part of the world. In 1883, following a short-lived French annexation of New Ireland, the British colony of Queensland annexed south-eastern New Guinea. The separation is not merely linguistic; warfare among societies was a factor in the evolution of the men's house: separate housing of groups of adult men, from the single-family houses of the women and children, for mutual protection from other tribal groups. [citation needed] When first flown over by aircraft, numerous settlements with agricultural terraces and stockades were observed. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. [35], The western part of the island was in contact with kingdoms in other parts of modern-day Indonesia. Following Tidore's defeat, much of the territory it claimed in western part of New Guinea came under Dutch rule as part of Dutch East Indies.[39]. Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population. Administrative Division. Complex mulches, crop rotations and tillages are used in rotation on terraces with complex irrigation systems. On 16 September 1975, Australia granted full independence to Papua New Guinea. Remains of this agricultural system, in the form of ancient irrigation systems in the highlands of Papua New Guinea, are being studied by archaeologists. The Australian territories were put under military administration and were known simply as New Guinea. mi.). Politically, the western half of the island comprises two provinces of Indonesia: Papua and West Papua. Stretching for hundreds of kilometres, these include lowland rainforests, extensive wetlands, savanna grasslands, and some of the largest expanses of mangrove forest in the world. The territories under Australian administration became collectively known as The Territories of Papua and New Guinea (until February 1942). Life expectancy at birth is about 60 years for men and 64 years for women. "Was Papua New Guinea an Early Agriculture Pioneer?" [36][37] The sultans of Tidore, in Maluku Islands, claimed sovereignty over various coastal parts of the island. Population Pyramids: Papua New Guinea - 2021. [48], The culture of inter-tribal warfare and animosity between the neighboring tribes are still present in New Guinea. Mainland Papua New Guinea reaches its maximum north-south expanse of some 510 miles (820 km) along its western border with Indonesian Papua. This area is approximately 115% of the area of California. [25] As of 2019, the Indonesian portion of New Guinea and the Maluku Islands is estimated to have 9,518 species of vascular plants, of which 4,380 are endemic. Other than bats and some two dozen indigenous rodent genera,[19] there are no pre-human indigenous placental mammals. New Guinea is an island to the north of the Australian mainland, south of the equator. [14] The two landmasses became separated when the area now known as the Torres Strait flooded after the end of the last glacial period. Prentice, M.L. (2002). The entire coral area covers 18 million hectares off a peninsula in northwest New Guinea. For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period. It is taken from the Biak language of Biak Island, and means "to rise", or "rising spirit". It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality. These funds will support implementation of the new national economic and social development plan. The Negarakertagama mentioned the region of Wanin in eastern Nusantara as part of Majapahit's tributary. [40] The first map showing the whole island (as an island) was published in 1600 and shows it as 'Nova Guinea'. A spine of east–west mountains, the New Guinea Highlands, dominates the geography of New Guinea, stretching over 1,600 km (1,000 mi) across the island, with many mountains over 4,000 m (13,100 ft). The island has been known by various names: The name Papua was used to refer to parts of the island before contact with the West. Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. The island of New Guinea is divided politically into roughly equal halves across a north-south line: The current population of the island of New Guinea is about eleven million. [citation needed], There has been resistance to Indonesian integration and occupation,[22] both through civil disobedience (such as Morning Star flag raising ceremonies) and via the formation of the Organisasi Papua Merdeka (OPM, or Free Papua Movement) in 1965. New Guinea contains many of the world's ecosystem types: glacial, alpine tundra, savanna, montane and lowland rainforest, mangroves, wetlands, lake and river ecosystems, seagrasses, and some of the richest coral reefs on the planet. The term Papuan languages refers to an areal grouping, rather than a linguistic one, since so-called Papuan languages comprise hundreds of different languages, most of which are not related.[21]. [10] Geologically it is a part of the same tectonic plate as Australia. Wikramanayake, Eric; Eric Dinerstein; Colby J. Loucks; et al. [38] Sultan Nuku, one of the most famous Tidore sultans who rebelled against Dutch colonization, called himself "Sultan of Tidore and Papua",[39] during his revolt in 1780s. 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011 census. A high percentage of New Guinea's species are endemic, and thousands are still unknown to science: probably well over 200,000 species of insect, between 11,000 and 20,000 plant species, and over 650 resident bird species. The eastern half of the island is the major land mass of the independent state of Papua New Guinea. These peoples had made the (shortened) sea-crossing from the islands of Wallacea and Sundaland (the present Malay Archipelago) by at least 40,000 years ago. The population of Papua New Guinea is expected to grow by 170,000 in 2021 and reach 9,097,000 in 2022. Papua New Guinea is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Papua New Guinea Population (1950 - 2020). 8,934,475. New Guinea, the second largest island in the world, is home to one of the last great expanses of tropical rainforest as well as some of the world's most traditional forest dwellers, some of whom have had little or no contact with the outside world (as of 2010, 44 groups in Indonesian Papua are estimated remain uncontacted). The western half, known as Western New Guinea or West Papua,[1] forms a part of Indonesia and is organized as the provinces of Papua and West Papua. source: World Bank. When world sea levels were low, the two shared shorelines (which now lie 100 to 140 metres below sea level),[11] and combined with lands now inundated into the tectonic continent of Sahul,[12][13] also known as Greater Australia. Except in high elevations, most areas possess a warm humid climate throughout the year, with some seasonal variation associated with the northeast monsoon season. The highlands have 40% of the population. The first European contact with New Guinea was by Portuguese and Spanish sailors in the 16th century. Source United Nations Population Division . As of 2020, the Western portion of New Guinea, Papua and West Papua, accounts for 54% of the island's primary forest and about 51% of the island's total tree cover, according to satellite data. [3] The name is one of several toponyms sharing similar etymologies, ultimately meaning "land of the blacks" or similar meanings, in reference to the dark skin of the inhabitants. This has been identified with the Onin Peninsula, part of the Bomberai Peninsula near the city of Fakfak. The population of Papua New Guinea has reached 7,275,324 according to 2011 Census. Research indicates that the highlands were an early and independent center of agriculture, with evidence of irrigation going back at least 10,000 years. The Council decided on the name of West Papua for the territory, along with an emblem, flag, and anthem to complement those of the Netherlands. Yams, taro, sago, and bananas are the lowland staple foods, and the sweet potato is the main highland food; pig husbandry is widespread. Singapore: Periplus Editions. When the Dutch colonized this island as part of the Dutch East Indies, they called it Nieuw Guinea. Papua New Guinea Urban Population Currently, 13.0 % of the population of Papua New Guinea is urban (1,137,684 people in 2019) Population Density. ), making it the world's most floristically diverse island, surpassing Madagascar (11,488), Borneo (11,165), Java (4,598), and the Philippines (9,432).[26]. Population, total - Papua New Guinea ( 1 ) United Nations Population Division. Er liegt im Pazifik, wird zum australischen Kontinent gerechnet und umfasst den Osten der Insel Neuguinea (Westneuguinea gehört zu Indonesien) sowie mehrere vorgelagerte Inseln und Inselgruppen. In the period from 1998 to 2008, conservationists identified 1,060 new species in New Guinea, including 218 plants, 43 reptiles, 12 mammals, 580 invertebrates, 134 amphibians, 2 birds and 71 fish. Research indicates that the highlands were an early and independent center of agriculture, with evidence of irrigation going back at least 10,000 years. mi.) Papua New Guinea population density is 19.6 people per square kilometer (50.6/mi 2) as of January 2021. historical and predicted populations (both sexes) for the period 1950-2100 (millions) De facto population in Papua New Guinea as of 1 July of the year indicated. Ploeg reports that the word papua is often said to be derived from the Malay word papua or pua-pua, meaning "frizzly-haired", referring to the highly curly hair of the inhabitants of these areas. Top 20; Top 100; All; Rank City Population, Urban Area Population, City; 1: Conakry: 1,966,561: 1,767,200: Map of Guinea. [22], Large areas of New Guinea are yet to be explored by scientists and anthropologists. [24] Between 2011 and 2017, researchers described 465 previously undocumented plant species in New Guinea. The World Bank pledged $1.6 billion and the International Finance Corporation … It has increased by 40% and at average annual growth rate 3.1% since the last census in 2000. [clarification needed] They can be divided into two groups, the Austronesian languages, and all the others, called Papuan languages for convenience. The city, which is also known as Moresby or Pom City, is the one of the largest in the South Pacific. Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). Another major habitat feature is the vast southern and northern lowlands. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Papua New Guinea divided by total area of the country. The Simbu Province in the New Guinea highlands averages 20 persons per square kilometer (60 per sq. Located in Melanesia in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, it is separated by the 150-kilometre (81 nmi; 93 mi) wide Torres Strait from the Australian continent. National Statistics Office website. In 1526–27, Portuguese explorer Jorge de Meneses saw the western tip of New Guinea and named it ilhas dos Papuas. Before about 1930, European maps showed the highlands as uninhabited forests. The provinces of Papua New Guinea as well as all cities and urban localities. and has areas containing up to 200 people farming a square kilometer of land. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used. Human habitation of New Guinea over tens of thousands of years has led to a great deal of diversity, which was further increased by the later arrival of the Austronesians and the more recent history of European and Asian settlement through events like transmigration. [47] Critics argue that the Indonesian government has been reluctant to establish or issue various government implementing regulations so that the legal provisions of special autonomy could be put into practice, and as a result special autonomy in Papua has failed. [3] Trotz der vorhandenen Bodenschätze lebt der Großteil der Bürger in Armut, diese wurde durch die Diktatur Ahmed Sékou Tourés n… The territory was renamed West Irian and then Irian Jaya. Show. The more extensive southern lowlands are drained by a larger number of rivers, principally the Digul in the west and the Fly in the east. By John Roach, for, Collingridge, George The discovery of Australia, Sidney, 1895, pp.186–187, Translation of Torres’ report to the king in Collingridge, G. (1895), Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests, Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests, United Nations Temporary Executive Authority, https://web.archive.org/web/20200209234437/https://www.tapol.org/our-work/west-papua, Kincaid and Kline, "Retreat of the Irian Jaya Glaciers from 2000 to 2002 as Measured from IKONOS Satellite Images", paper presented at 61st Eastern Snow Conference, Portland, Maine, 2004, "On the Physical Geography of the Malay Archipelago", "Big Bank Shoals of the Timor Sea: An environmental resource atlas", "Map from above shows Australia is a very flat place", "A Chat with Tim Flannery on Population Control", Anthropology Professor Glenn Summerhayes, University of Otago, New Zealand. Agglomerations, etc. ) showed the highlands were an early and independent center of trade, Beehler! - a chain of mountains and river valleys, runs the length of the country Papua... Was formally renamed `` the Province of Papua New Guinea had a of... 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