"In consequence of this complaint, the Nabab himself crossed over sending Gurgin Khan before him who arrived near Makwanpur where his whole army being destroyed the Nabab returned to Patna". [11], Prithivi Narayan Shah took possession of Bhadgaon and next he invested in Patan in 1767. On a recent morning, the march was set afoot at Gorkha – the starting point of the unification campaign as a band of army officials left for Kathmandu – the endpoint of the Unification Trail. His main target was the kingdoms of Kathmandu valley. Rudra Shah from Gorkha sent more reinforcements. He came back to Gorkha via Butwal and began to train his soldiers in the art of warfare. The view of river valleys and Himalayan peaks is breathtaking - and the sense of history is overwhelming. Web Designed by: Global Nexus. "Rumbold to Select Committee". On the 6th of Jeth Sudi a hardly contested battle was fought, which lasted till 14 gharis of the night. [9] Gurgin Khan lost a great number of his men and had to leave many stands of arms. King Prithvi Narayan Shah was born as the eldest son of King Narabhupal Shah and his second wife Queen Kaushotyawati in the Shah dynasty of Gorkha on 11 January 1723 (27 Poush 1779 B.S.). Therefore, just after his accession, he set his foot on to the task of expanding the Gorkha kingdom which ultimately led to the unification of Nepal. Those who engaged […], Thami is one of the identified ethnic groups of Nepal. Sur Pratap Shah, the youngest brother of Prithvi Narayan Shah, lost his eyes in this battle. He then bade farewell to Taleju, Pashupatinath, and Guhyeshwari, and went to seek an asylum with Bisweswaranatha and Ganga.[11]. He, therefore, Instead of annexing the newly acquired states to his kingdom of Gorkha, Prithvi Narayan decided to move his capital to Kathmandu, thus establishing the Shah dynasty which ruled unified Nepal from the late 18th century to 2008. It is said that seeing the Prince of neighboring states Tanahun, Lamjung, and Kaski being indulged in excess pleasure, Chandra Pravawati kept Prithivi Narayan Shah away from pleasurable and wrong pursuits. "Nepalese Vakeels' and Faqir's deposition to Capt. The civil code frame by Jayasthiti Malla divided the society into different castes, based on the occupatio0n of the people. During the war, one-hundered Gorkhali and four-hundred Makawanpur soldiers were killed. Pande's death meant a great loss to the Gorkhas and it was not until 1763 that they were in a position to resume the policy of conquest.[9]. In the South-Eastern Terai, there were three Sen states: Makawanpur, Bijayapur, and Chaudandi. The rapid expansion of the Gorkha dominions and the growth of the Gorkha power round the Nepal valley placed Jaya Prakash Malla, the Chief of Kathmandu in a state of siege. The self proclamation was done to enforce Hindu social code Dharmaśāstra over his reign and refer to his country as being inhabitable for Hindus. Kinloch how Prithvi Narayan Shah had "taken ten principal cities and possession of all his (Jaya Prakash's) country" and had kept the towns of Kathmandu, Patan, Bhadgaun, and Zeemy (sic) all closely blockaded".[13]. When Ranjit Malla reached the top of the Chandragiri Paa, he took a last view of Nepal, and with tears in his eyes exclaimed, " The Satbahalyas have killed my son Bir Narsinha, and have caused me this sorrow. " Upon this Kanak Singh, another local Chief complained to Nawab Mir Qasim and requested his intervention. This practice helped him to build a rapport with his people and helped him to understand the requirements of the citizens of Gorkha. The Gorkha troops suffered a heavy loss and the surviving soldiers, along with the king, had to retreat back to Nuwakot. This name given to the people of Nepal was due to the bravery and courage of the king of Gorkha Prithvi Nrayan Shah … [15] But as Kinloch insisted the troops had to face the holy river Bagmati. Kinloch proceeded to Patna where he was asked to await further instructions from Mr. Rumbold. Prithvi Narayan Shah himself had a narrow escape. He had also maintained a friendly relationship with Nripendra Malla, the King of the state named "Kantipur". He first captured Farpin, Bandegaon, Sunagaon, Khokana and other villages. Narasinha Rai went to Mahindra Sinha Rai and said, "We are unable to cope with the Gorkhalis with the help of fifty houses. Prithvi Narayan Shah was born on Poush 27 th, 1779 in Gorkha. After the conquest of Nuwakot, Prithvi Narayan Shah began to control all the areas around the valley. When Prithvi Narayan Shah came to know this, he sent an army under the command of Kahar Simha Basnyat, Bansaraj Pandey and Ram Krishna Kunwar. [11], The next morning Prithivi Narayan Shah inspected the field of battle, and seeing Mahindra Sinha Rai's lifeless body pierced with wounds, he praised his bravery and sent for his family, that they being the relative of so brave a man, might have proper protection. Through this Guru, Prithvi Narayan Shah called KIng Tribikram Sen to the bank of the Trishuli on the pretext of making friendship. Like Chanakya, King Prithivi Narayan Shah had laid out his ideas on imperial policy in his Divya Upadesh. So, he decided not to invade Tanahun but to capture the king by diplomany. He first attacked Kirtipur, a dependency of Patan and a strategic post commanding the Nepal valley, but was signally defeated (1757). Along with the expansion of Gorkha kingdom, Prithvi Narayan Shah wanted to protect the country from the claws of the British Empire. The six Pradhans were ready to surrender before Prithvi Narayan Shah without any bloodshed. Kinloch had reached Janakpur assurances of abundant supply were given by the men of the Rajah once the troops would reach Sindhuli where the seventh stage of the journey would have ended. King Prithvi Narayan Shah, was enthroned at the age of 20 in Gorkha, one of 54 states in Nepal at that time. Hindus and Buddhists lived in peace and harmony in the society. He advised the citizens of Nepal to never leave the traditional dharma of the ancestors. The rest of the people have fled, and I have come to tell you. For the third time, Prithvi Narayan Shah sent his army under the command of Bansa Raj Pandey who made a sudden attack on Kirtipur in December 1767. Veteran leaders and warriors like Kalu Pandey, Dalajit Shah, Dalamardan Shah, Tularam Pandey and Bir Bhadra accompanied him. In this battle, the Gorkhalis lost 201 men, which, with the 131 killed on the former day, gives the total of 332 men. 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