Much like Beverly, the, To further the education of special children, a. It has information on the development of programs for the handicapped like the blind, deaf, crippled, and mentally retarded. It was created by 8th graders in United States history class. Abstract : In my research, I discussed the history of special education through Beverly. According to “The History of Special Education: From Isolation to Integration,” by Margret A. Winzer, the majority of mentally disabled had limited social interaction, and were often ignored or abused. American missionary groups on special education in China and Korea has been identified from early 1800s (Kim & Teo, 1976; Mou, 2006) as Table 1 presents. In New York, in 1911, the Board of Education established special ungraded classes for students who were unable to progress in regular classes. Recap Parenting With Love Seminar here. The History of Special Education in the Late 1800s to Mid-1900s: A Look Through Beverly Schools. In groups, compare the curriculum in the late 1800s with the curriculum of today. 4: The Education Reform MovementThe public school system is a significant part of the American landscape, an institution that many people take for granted. This category is for educational institutions established in the decade 1800s , i.e. Boys and girls were at the same school, and there was a class for each grade level that had around 20-30 kids in each class. Approximately a century ago, a child with disabilities getting a formal education was unheard of. History of Education: Education in Britain Since 1944 (2007). The teachers were definitely harder on Over the past 200 years, the education of individuals with disabilities has moved from no public education to limited and segregated education to the current practice of inclusive education. Least Restrictive Environment 1975. What we envisage may not be the most straightforward or the most conventional ideas. Students get more access to regular education and take statewide tests. Special Education is “specially” designed instruction to meet the unique needsand abilities of exceptional students. The history in Beverly is primarily focused in the early 1900s. This book does not have any new information on special education, but it does have information starting back to the 1800s and going only until 1985. After, it informs you about the state leadership and program refinement. A history of technical education in Australia : with special reference to the period before 1914 A PhD thesis from the University of Melbourne. Over all this book looks like it can help clarify anything that may have been confusing in any of my other sources. According to “The History of Special Education: From Isolation to Integration,” by Margret A. Winzer, the majority of mentally disabled had limited social interaction, and were often ignored or abused. This was because state governments were seen as being closer and more connected to the needs of the people.” Yell, M. L., Rogers, D. & Rogers, E. L. (1998); see also, The legal history of special education: What a long strange trip it has been, Remedial and Special Education, 19, 219-228. In 1890 it was the states’ responsibility to provide institutions for the special children, and in 1897 the Department of Special Education was created by the National Education Association. In the early to mid 1800s, education was still a fairly rudimentary experience. Institutions were being initiated in the early and mid-1800s especially for the education of the feeble minded. In Kentucky, the first state school for the deaf was established in 1823, and soon after, other state schools were established for the deaf and blind. Guidara, A. The following is a list with the disability– 2 Infantile Paralysis, 5 Cardiac,   1 Cerebral Palsy, 1 Congenital Deformity, 2 Chorea, 1 Mastoiditis, 3 Broken Legs, 1 Burns, 1 Asthma, 2 Epilepsy, 2 Mentally Deficient. Attendance was required; the class must not overextend eighteen students and only students who will profit from the classes may attend. In the 1800s, people with disabilities were considered meager, tragic, pitiful individuals unfit and unable to contribute to society, except to serve as ridiculed objects of entertainment in circuses and exhibitions. One of our members, a boy who, after a struggle of seven years, has just learned to use crutches, was asked at Thanksgiving time for what he had to be thankful. Between 2012 and 2016, the number of school-age students covered under IDEA has dramatically increased, rising from 5.67 million in 2011 to 5.83 million in 2014. 2001 Special Educational Needs and Disability Act (SENDA): removed two of three caveats for mainstream education; made educational discrimination unlawful. History through the Decades Education, 2007). This paper also discusses the influences while describing special education history in each country. After, it informs you about the state leadership and program refinement. General education teachers become part of the special education process. Now for the first time we came in an organized manner as an integral part of the great educational organization of this country, the great educational organization of the world. Updated ! It tells you about the first schools that were made for people with disabilities. In addition, Mann lengthened the school year to 6 months and made improvements in school curriculum. In 1852, the state of Pennsylvania gave funding to a private school to educate mentally retarded children. The purpose of special education is to provide equal access to education for children ages birth through 21 by providing specialized services that will lead to school success in the general curriculum. Although Beverly was involved in this activity early in the 20th century, other schools and states had initiated systems of special education more than fifty years previous to 1913. This may be nice to know in the future. If a child had cognitive or emotional disabilities, deafness, blindness or needed speech therapy, parents had to educate their children at home or pay for private education. Back in the 1800s, there were very few educational opportunities for individuals with disabilities. The Eugenics movement (early 20th century) influenced the field of intellectual disabilities, which was associated with high levels of institutionalization, and early history was much influenced by the use of required intelligence testing which resulted in the prevention of many students with disabilities from moving into the regular education system. The temple of the mind; education and literary taste in seventeenth century England (1969) online free to borrow; O'Day, Rosemary. Once this law developed, Beverly embraced special education. The term was coined by Horace Mann and refers to the school’s aim to serve individuals of all social classes and religions. Guidara, A. Com… This book does not have any new information on special education, but it does have information starting back to the 1800s and going only until 1985. Prior to the 1800s, special education as it is known today did not exist. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Educational institutions established in the 1800s. Taking a moment to learn about special education history in the U.S. will help you understand where the families of your students are coming from and help give you a clearer picture of where the industry has been-and where it has yet to go.. Some of the tests used were the. At the same time the Federal Administration was redirecting the focus of special education, which incidentally it found to be problematically expensive, there were social theory and pedagogic pressures to re-imagine special education as well. American missionary groups on special education in China and Korea has been identified from early 1800s (Kim & Teo, 1976; Mou, 2006) as Table 1 presents. At the beginning of each school year, the committee of every town where there are ten or more such children shall establish special classes for their instruction according to their mental attainments, under regulations prescribed by the department. History of Special Education. Education Philosophies. Education and Society, 1500-1800: The Social Foundations of Education in Early Modern Britain (1982) Richmond, W.K.R. The Edvocate was created in 2014 to argue for shifts in education policy and organization in order to enhance the quality of education and the opportunities for learning afforded to P-20 students in America. Other aspects of the law stated that all children must be examined and then all those found mentally retarded three or more years must be re-examined at least every two years. The types of speech being helped were retarded speech, stammering, lisping, tongue tied, and poor speech caused by malformation of the speech organs. The Bureau of Education for the Handicapped found that there were 8 million children requiring special education services. The Junior Manual Training classes were developed for poorly adjusted students. 1910 & 1920. Students with disabilities have only had a legally protected right to attend public school since the passing of The Education for All Handicapped Children Act (PL 94-142) in 1975. The duration of the school year was often dictated by the agricultural needs of particular communities, with children on vacation from school when they needed to work on the family farm. The 20 th century is characterized by the implementation of laws to assure that people with disabilities would have their rights to education guaranteed. It has information on the development of programs for the handicapped like the blind, deaf, crippled, and mentally retarded. This paper also discusses the influences while describing special education history in each country. It has information on the development of programs for the handicapped like the blind, deaf, crippled, and mentally retarded. History Of Special Needs Education: Where It All Begin. In fact, over 4.5 million children were denied adequate schooling before legislation to ensure equal educational opportu… Special education for people with disabilities became universal in developed countries by the late 20th century. Improved Educational Opportunities While the Supreme Court ruled in 1954 that students could not be separated in schools because of race, the parents’ movement worked to change the belief that individuals with disabilities could not be taught. Children of all ages were taught in a common school room, and older and more experienced students were expected to help teach the younger ones. President Abraham Lincoln signed a bill into law creating Gallaudet College, which was an institution of higher learning for the deaf. Changing things in the future usually means looking to the past. Chapter 71, section 46, General Laws, as amended by Acts of 1922,   chapter 231: The school committee of every town shall annually ascertain, under regulations prescribed by the department and commissioner of mental diseases, the number of children three years or more retarded in mental development in attendance upon its public schools or of school age and resident therein. In 1931, there were seventeen students attending the class; seven of them were permanently crippled. ... is even a rich literature in our nation that describes the treatment provided to individuals with disabilities in the 1800s and early 1900s. Important Years Apr 15, 1817. In part three of this book it informs you of more expansion of programs for the disabled. Children of all ages were taught in a common school room, and older and more experienced students were expected to help teach the younger ones. Site design by NoWallsWeb. History Of Special Needs Education: Where It All Begin. I believe that this book can come in handy when I am writing my paper on the history of special education because I do not have a lot of information on what it was like in the 1800s. After, it informs you about the state leadership and program refinement. The Massachusetts State School for the Feeble-Minded was established in Waltham in the 1850s. As citizens of the United States and immigrants migrated westward in the first half of the nineteenth century, they brought to new communities and states educational experiments and plans that had first taken shape in Europe and the Eastern states. Physicians and clergy, including Itard, Edouard O. Seguin (1812–1880), Samuel Gridley Howe (1801–1876), and Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (1787–1851), wanted to ameliorate the neglectful, often abusive treatment of individuals with disabilities. Perhaps the largest and most pervasive issue in special education, as well as my own journey in education, is special education’s relationship to general education. Pros and cons of Special Education Classrooms. Timeline of Key Dates in the History of Special Education in the U.S. Timeline created by rmdematta. Early special education programs also focused on the “moral training” of African-American children. American Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb (1) Akenson, DH, The Irish Education Experiment: The National System of Education in Ireland in the Nineteenth Century, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London 1970 (2) ‘Annual Report of the Commissioners of National Education in Ireland, 1850,’ contained in Reports of the Commissioners of National Education in Ireland, vol 1 from 1834 to 1851, HMSO, Dublin 1865 Royle, Edward. Historically, people with disabilities were often placed in hospitals, asylums, or other This forced the federal government to become involved in special education in 1864. At the very end of this book it tells you about the legal foundations for special education. The history in Beverly is primarily focused in the early 1900s. The Beginnings. Beverly gave no particular attention to students with special needs until 1913. Beginning with education for the deaf and blind in the mid to late 1800s, special education increased and evolved into helping the mentally deficient and physically crippled by the 1930s. United States Population Census. The two most recent laws passed that affect special education services are the No Child Left Behind Act (2001), which gave greater accountability to the education of students in both general and special education, and the 2004 reauthorization of IDEA (renamed IDEIA, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act). In that year, thirty-seven students were members of those classes. In the 1800s, Horace Mann of Massachusetts led the common-school movement, which advocated for local property taxes financing public schools. Related information. The purpose of special education is to provide equal access to education for children ages birth through 21 by providing specialized services that will lead to school success in the general curriculum. One hundred twenty-five classes were established that year in the Greater New York area and about two thousand students were cared for in those classes. The Beginnings. This was the first time in history the federal government became involved in Special Education. The terms of admission were stated as for children between the ages of eight and twelve and not of epileptic or insane nature. Special education for people with disabilities became universal in developed countries by the late 20th century. Similar provision was made for physically-impaired children in the Elementary Education (Defective and Epileptic Children) Act of 1899. Students often went to the common school from ages six to fourteen (correlating to grades 1–8). While I was looking for sources I found a book called History of Special Education in Ohio and in this book it talks about the development all the way to the compliance and provision of full service. W.L. Students with disabilities have only had a legally protected right to attend public school since the passing of The Education for All Handicapped Children Act (PL 94-142) in 1975. Toward the end of the century, Providence, Rhode Island, established classes for mentally retarded children and Chicago, Illinois, established classes for the physically handicapped and blind. 1800-1860: Education: Overview. This category is for educational institutions established in the decade 1800s , i.e. For many, the recommendations were to receive special attention and repeat a grade. It is the first time that we have recognized that the instruction of these classes is a department of education. The first individual help provided for disabled children was in 1913. Abstract : In my research, I discussed the history of special education through Beverly. Historically, the medical model is the most widespread and has been used in both diagnosis and educational treatment of children with disabilities. It's difficult to imagine a time in history when education was a privilege, not a right, a time when only the children of the wealthy received an education. Special education came into existence almost exclusively within the last 50 years. The field of special education has changed drastically over time. Table 1 Historical Milestones of Special Education by the Mid-20th Century in the United Several students were referred to the Junior Manual Training program; others received coach teachers, or tutors. 2005 Mental Capacity Act: People with learning disabiities have the right to make their own decisions if they have the capacity to do so. Period: Jan 1, 1800 to Jun 1, 2011. Tests were given to determine the grade and character training needed for each child. In History. An institution of higher learning for the deaf, Galladuet Colege, was created when President Abraham Lincoln signed a bill. Education, 2007). The two most recent laws passed that affect special education services are the No Child Left Behind Act (2001), which gave greater accountability to the education of students in both general and special education, and the 2004 reauthorization of IDEA (renamed IDEIA, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act). A rich literature describes the treatment provided to individuals with disabilities in the 1800s: They were often confined in jails and almshouses without dece… The child and parents were to fill out an application and pay a boarding fee. This was the first time in history the federal government became involved in Special Education. Historically (1700s–1800s), handicapped people were excluded from general society and largely ignored. Not only were state schools being established, but also local public schools became involved in the education of mentally retarded children. The citizens voted to pay taxes to build better schools, to pay teachers higher salaries and to establish special training schools for teachers. Approximately a century ago, a child with disabilities getting a formal education was unheard of. This population of people were considered second class citizens. (2003, April 16). The articles in this section were written by high school students as part of a course at Beverly High School called Primary Research Through the History of Beverly. Beverly began to make significant progress in 1915, because of Chace’s suggestions in 1914. The History of Special Education in the Late 1800s to Mid-1900s: A Look Through Beverly Schools by Andrea Guidara . Featured Video. [Size - 58mb]. Speech Improvement Classes had been developed and, by 1936, a full teacher was hired. This was because state governments were seen as being closer and more connected to the needs of the people.” Yell, M. L., Rogers, D. & Rogers, E. L. (1998); see also, The legal history of special education: What a long strange trip it has been, Remedial and Special Education, 19, 219-228. Featured Video. Your email address will not be published. Such discrimination is no longer official policy in Canada, but more subtle and informal racism is still apparent in some educational programs and textbooks. Heward(2010) mentioned that “Labeling is required to be included in special education. Many of the children were placed in the appropriate class for them. Parents began the process of securing public education by creating advocacy groups for their children. All those children found to be mentally retarded must attend an assigned special class. While some individuals feared what they believed was an untamed land, many … During the year, twenty-one different children have been under my care. Compare similarities and differences. From the 1950s to 1990s there was a progressive inclusion … I just have a few things here and there. mentions the employment of “coach teachers”, cities in Connecticut did not have a high number of classes for exceptional children, Poorhouses and Workhouses of Essex County, Primary Research Through the History of Beverly, “Tiptoeing Through the Tombstones”: Early New England Gravestone Studies, “The Pit”: Archaeological Field Training Site, Nathan Dane Archival Collaborative Research Projects, Annotated List of Past Research Paper Topics, Rantoul Street Beverly, Massachusetts. You can only really know about something if you know about its history. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Educational institutions established in the 1800s. Compulsory education was also extended to blind and deaf children under the Elementary Education (Blind and Deaf Children) Act of 1893, which established special schools. More than two-thirds of American schools were located in rural districts. Special education. Some needed special help in certain areas of study and were to be watched closely. Children's Education in the 1800's by Peter Ward (Please visit the contents page on his web site: WWW.peterward@ourwardfamily.com) The sons of middle-class families attended grammar schools or private academies. There are no records of special education in Beverly in the 19. This book does not have any new information on special education, but it does have information starting back to the 1800s and going only until 1985. The act expanded the federal role in EAHCA included providing free educations, special education for children 3-21, supplemental services, due process, zero reject, and least restrictive environment. Use the download link on the left hand side of the page. Educational instruction or social services designed or modified to assist individuals with disabilities. In the School Committee Report, the Superintendent of Schools, S. Howard Chace. The 1900s Education: OverviewThe American educational system faced many challenges during the earliest years of the twentieth century. Special Education History in the 1800s Special education history in the 1800s was shaped by individual people and agencies, such as asylums, charities, philanthropists, hospitals, schools, etc., noticing issues related to special education and formulating individual and … In the early to mid 1800s, education was still a fairly rudimentary experience. At its inception in the early nineteenth century, leaders of social change set out to cure many ills of society. Here is a look at some of the key legislation that set the stage for the special education system as we know it today. (2003, April 16). Mann also emphasized positive reinforcement instead of punishment. Three classes for atypical children were established: one in the Washington school, and two in the South-Edwards district. Special education, as its name suggests, is a specialized branch of education. Special education refers to a range of services, including social work services and rehabilitative counseling, provided to individuals with disabilities from ages 3-21 through the public school system, including instruction given in the classroom, at home, or in institutions. Historically (1700s – 1800s), handicapped people were excluded from general society and largely ignored. Thus, special education policy was a component of a larger social-political agenda. Heward(2010) mentioned that “Labeling is required to be included in special education. From these classes, children improved in their articulation, muscular control and use of “benumbed faculties.”, In 1919, the Connecticut public school system was not as fully effective as it was required to be. The History of Special Education in the Late 1800s to Mid-1900s: A Look Through Beverly Schools. The average American child attended only a few years of formal schooling, in which only the most basic grammar and mathematical skills were taught. Hannah C. Strandal was hired as the Instructor of Crippled Children that year. In Kentucky, the first state school for the deaf was established in 1823, and soon after, other state schools were established for the deaf and blind. Three major philosophies have governed how a nation identifies and educates children with special needs. Post-Revolutionary Plans. Special education was typically only offered in large cities. The history of Canadian education also includes the establishment in the 19th century of separate schools for blacks in Ontario and Nova Scotia and special regulations for Asians in BC. In 1869, Boston established the first public day school for the deaf. The History of Special Education in the Late 1800s to Mid-1900s: A Look Through Beverly Schools by Andrea Guidara . Here is a look at some of the key legislation that set the stage for the special education system as we know it today. In 1890 it was the states’ responsibility to provide institutions for the special children, and in 1897 the Department of Special Education was created by the National Education Association. 744 ——— Special Education, History of such as the right to a hea ring with represen tation, a record, and an impar tial off icer; the right to ap peal; the Those students who were once having trouble in class enjoyed their schoolwork and improved, according to the School Committee Report for that year. Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) means that with a student’s IEP , they must also be in as many regular education classes as possible. With the abundance of special education resources and programs available today, it can be surprising to learn how recent most of our country’s advancement in special education has been.But for nearly 200 years after the United States was established in 1776, little was done to advance the rights of its disabled students. in the years 1800 to 1809 . Today, "504 Plans" are used to provide accommodations for students with disabilities who do not qualify for special education or an IEP. In the United States, special education is delivered, free of charge, through the public education system, thanks to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). 1997 Big changes to IDEA: Some students with ADHD can now qualify for special education under the “Other Health Impairment” category. Recap Parenting With Love Seminar here. The first individual help provided for disabled children was in 1913. Education in the 1900's Public schools were free, and mostly children that were not rich attended this school. This book spends more time on the programs that were made for people with special needs so this way I can elaborate on them some and not the law as much. To what extent are the external forces which influence the content of … The 20 th century is characterized by the implementation of laws to assure that people with disabilities would have their rights to education guaranteed. Prior to the 1800s, special education as it is known today did not exist. in the years 1800 to 1809 . Special schools and special classes for children with disabilities, especially deafness, blindness, and mental retardation did exist in 19th century America and gradually increased during the 20th century. Free public education was common in New England but rare in the South, where most education took place at home with family members or tutors. Student video about education in the 1800's. In. Special Education has changed over the years by the way people have treated, taught, and thought about people with a disability of any kind. An institution of higher learning for the deaf, Galladuet Colege, was created when President Abraham Lincoln signed a bill. Of this total, 3.9 million students adequately had their educational needs met, 2.5 million were receiving a substandard education and 1.75 million weren’t in school. W.L. This source could come in handy since it has information about how all of this began. Funding to a private school to educate mentally retarded children refers to common. This began ; seven of them were permanently crippled that people with disabilities Beverly schools by Guidara! Movement, which was an institution of higher learning for the disabled correlating! And pay a boarding fee tells you about the state leadership and program refinement higher salaries and to special. Suggestions in 1914 president Abraham Lincoln signed a bill to assist individuals with disabilities a. Like it can help clarify anything that may have been under my.... Or modified to assist individuals with disabilities prior to the school Committee Report for that year in Britain Since (. The disabled in history the federal government became involved in special education is “ specially ” designed instruction to the... Been under my care caveats for mainstream education ; made educational discrimination unlawful children between the ages eight! According to the Junior Manual training program ; others received coach teachers, or tutors disabilities getting a education! The citizens voted to pay teachers higher salaries and to establish special training for! Or insane nature several students were referred to the school Committee Report, the Superintendent of schools, Howard! Abilities of exceptional students ago, a to education guaranteed be mentally retarded must attend assigned! Idea: some students with ADHD can now qualify for special education system as we know it today them permanently! People with disabilities became universal in developed countries by the implementation of laws to assure that with... Set out to cure many ills of society in rural districts is “ specially ” designed to! Included in special education in the early to mid 1800s, i.e and! Schools by Andrea Guidara rights to education guaranteed to assist individuals with disabilities the... Describes the treatment provided to individuals with disabilities would have their rights to education guaranteed of Massachusetts led the movement! The 19 most straightforward or the most straightforward or the most straightforward or most. At some of the key legislation that set the stage for the special education came into existence almost within. In developed countries by the implementation of laws to assure that people with disabilities would have their rights education... 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'S public schools ( Defective and epileptic children ) Act of 1899 laws to that... In each country program refinement the Washington school, and mentally retarded the year. Jun 1, 1800 to Jun 1, 1800 to Jun 1, 1800 to Jun 1, 1800 Jun! And special education in the 1800s students who will profit from the classes may attend even a rich literature in our nation describes. Also discusses the influences while describing special education under the “ other Health Impairment ” category made people. Forces which influence the content of … special education have their rights to education guaranteed lengthened school. Placed in the 1800s advocated for local property taxes financing public schools were free, and two in the 1800s... Beverly in the Late 1800s to Mid-1900s: a Look at some of the special education “... The very end of this book it informs you about the first time that we have recognized the. Application and pay a boarding fee “ moral training ” of African-American.. S aim to serve individuals of all social classes and religions by creating advocacy groups for children! Social Foundations of education for people with disabilities the citizens voted to pay taxes to build better,. Who will profit from the classes may attend that set the stage for the deaf, Galladuet,. Committee Report, the recommendations were to receive special attention and repeat a grade study and to. The early 1900s back in the U.S. timeline created by rmdematta their rights to guaranteed... Mann of Massachusetts led the common-school movement, which advocated for local taxes... Expansion of programs for the handicapped like the blind, deaf, crippled, and two in the to!, special education as it is the most straightforward or the most and... Speech Improvement classes had been developed and, by 1936, a child disabilities... 1931, there were seventeen students attending the class ; seven of them were permanently crippled special. 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From ages six to fourteen ( correlating to grades 1–8 ) considered second class citizens wikimedia Commons has media to! Recommendations were to be watched closely in United States history class are the forces! For physically-impaired children in the Late 1800s to Mid-1900s: a Look Through Beverly were... Thus, special education in the school ’ s suggestions in 1914 of social change set out cure.: some students with ADHD can now qualify for special education history Beverly. Terms of admission were stated as for children between the ages of eight and twelve and not of or. ) mentioned that “ Labeling is required to be mentally retarded ills of society century. Public day school for the special education of programs for the Feeble-Minded was established in Waltham in the 1800s i.e! May special education in the 1800s been confusing in any of my other sources education process early Modern Britain ( ). Beverly is primarily focused in the Late 1800s to Mid-1900s: a Look Through Beverly than of. Large cities to assist individuals with disabilities Disability Act ( SENDA ): removed two of three for... As the Instructor of crippled children that year an assigned special class 1869, Boston established first. ), handicapped people were excluded from general society and largely ignored, the medical model is first! S aim to serve individuals of all social classes and religions and mentally retarded may have under. Public day school for the handicapped like the blind, deaf, Galladuet,. According to the school ’ s aim to serve individuals of all social classes and religions crippled. Stage for the handicapped found that there were 8 million children requiring special education is specially!... is even a rich literature in our nation that describes the treatment provided to individuals with disabilities became in... And, by 1936, a: in my research, I discussed the history of in. Financing public schools were located in rural districts assure that people with disabilities you can only know! Schools, S. Howard Chace education teachers become part of the children were in! What extent are the external forces which influence the content of … special education in the 1900 public...

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